What is Green Freight?
- A set of strategies, policies, practices and standards;
- or measures targeted at the movement of goods via road, rail, marine, inland waterways and air;
- Aim to:
- Reduce the environmental, climate and public health impacts through reduced air pollution and greenhouse gas emission intensity;
- Improve social conditions, including road safety, and health and working conditions of people involved in freight movement; and
- Enhance economic development through improved energy efficiency, fuel security, and efficiency and competitiveness of the freight and logistics sector overall;
- Developed and implemented by government, private sector and other stakeholder groups jointly or individually.
Need for Green Freight
Currently, road and rail carry 99 percent of India’s freight in the ratio 70:30. It is estimated that in 2011-12, trucks consumed 38 percent of the country’s diesel Source:PCRA and emitted about 63 percent of the CO2 Source:Clean Air Asia. The movement of goods records for nine percent of some countries greenhouse gas outflows – almost 500 million metric tons yearly in direct emissions.
Emissions from creating the fuel consumed by this sector contributes another 100 million tons of climate contamination every year. Globally, freight forwarders straightforwardly represent around 6 percent of emissions or almost two trillion tons of climate pollution a year.
Emissions from transportation vehicles and logistics operations contribute fundamentally to unhealthy air quality. Diesel particulate matter (DPM), a noteworthy air pollutant of concern, adds to asthma and respiratory disease.
Nitrogen oxides (NOx), another air toxin coming about because of cargo, forms ozone. The health impacts connected to NOx and DPM discharges are stunning: increased rates of respiratory sickness and asthma, cardiovascular ailment, heart attacks, stroke and premature death.
Green Freight India in their Fuel and Emission Saving Methodology report explains how this project can be divide into three phases:
Phase 1: Methodology Development
This phase focuses on identifying the key areas for fuel efficiency improvements. It also involves identifying the necessary process for calculating carbon emissions and developing a protocol that can be followed by freight companies in India and is in sync with international standards.
Phase 2: Conducting Pilot Test
This phase focuses on testing the developed methodology in collaboration with a volunteer organization. It includes collecting baseline data, analysis of data, recommending or testing interventions to reduce fuel consumption and emissions.
Phase 3: Dissemination of the case study
This phase focuses on disseminating the outputs from Phase 2 and promoting the findings to the relevant stakeholders.
By utilizing best practices, for example, picking the most effectiveness mode and augmenting load utilization, organizations can decrease the climate impact of their supply chains.